Facts & Figures

- Area: ~22,000 km2

- Capital: Jerusalem

- Official languages: Hebrew, Arabic, English

- Currency: New Israeli Shekel (NIS)

- Independence Day: 5 Iyyar (Hebrew calendar)

Political

- Political system: Parliamentary Democracy

- Parliament: Knesset, 120 seats

- Prime Minister: Benyamin "Bibi" Netanyahu

- President: Reuven Rivlin

Demographic

- Population: ~9 million, incl. ~75% Jews, ~21% Muslims

- Density: ~400 per km2 (it is double in non-desert areas)

- Demographic growth: +2% (OECD is about 0.6%)

- Fertility: 3.1 children per woman

- Age: ~30% are up to 15 years; ~10% are 60 or older

- Life expectancy: 82 years (world rank #8)

- Satisfaction with life situation: 89% of people

Economy

- GDP: $350 billion  -- GDP per capita: $40,000 (rank #85)

- GDP growth: +4.4%

- GDP by sector: agriculture 2%, industry 27%, svcs 70%

- Expenditure on civilian R&D: 4.5% of GDP

- Venture Capital investment per capita: ~$675 (rank #1)

- Debt to GDP ratio: 61% (world figures)

- Unemployment: 3%

- Minimum wage: ~1400 Euros (5300 NIS) per month

- Inflation: 0.2%

- VAT: 17% (no VAT to tourists for hotels, rentals, svcs) 

- Credit rating (Standard & Poor's): AA-, stable

- Main industries: high-tech (see list of inventions), pharmaceuticals, potash & phosphates, metallurgy, chemicals, diamond cutting, financial services, etc.

Faits et Chiffres

- Superficie: ~22.000 km2

- Capitale: Jérusalem

- Langues officielles: Hébreu, Arabe, Anglais

- Monnaie: New Israeli Shekel (NIS)

- Jour de l'Indépendance: 5 Iyyar (calendrier hébraïque)

Politique

- Système politique: Démocratie Parlementaire 

- Parlement: Knesset, 120 sièges

- Premier Ministre: Benjamin "Bibi" Netanyaou

- Président: Reuven Rivlin

Démographie

- Population: ~9 million, dont ~75% Juifs, ~21% Musulm.

- Densité: ~400 par km2 (le double en non-désertique)

- Croissance démographique: +2% (OCDE: ~0,6%)

- Fertilité: 3,1 enfants per femme

- Age: ~30% ont 15 ans ou moins; ~10% 60 ans ou plus

- Espérance de vie: 82 ans (rang mondial #8)

- Satisfaction aux conditions de vie: 89% de la population

Economie

- PIB: $350 milliards -- PIB per hab.: $40.000 (rang #85)

- Croissance du PIB: +4,4%

- PIB par secteur: agricult. 2%, industries 27%, svcs 70%

- Dépense en Recherche civile: 4,5% du PIB

- Investissement VC par hab. : ~$675 (rang #1)

- Dette nationale au PIB: 61% (stats par pays)

- Chômage: 3%

- Salaire minimum (SMIC): ~1400 Euros/mois (5300 NIS)

- Inflation: 0,2% 

- TVA: 17% (0% aux touristes pour hôtel, locations, svcs)

- Note de Crédit (Standard & Poor): AA-, stable

- Industries principales: high-tech (ici liste des inventions), pharmaceutique, potasse & phosphates, métallurgie, chimie, taille de diamants, services financiers, etc.

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Religious Dates in Israel

Main religious dates in 2021

 

- Epiphany: 6 January

- Orthodox Nativity: 7 January

- Baptism of Jesus: 10 January

- Orthodox New Year: 14 January

- Tu Bishvat: 28 January

- St. Valentine: 14 February

- Ash Wednesday and Lent: 17 February

- Purim: 26 February

- Shushan Purim (walled cities): 27 February

- Isra and Mi'raj: 10 March

- Annunciation: 25 March

- Palm Sunday: 28 March

- Passover (Pesach): 28 March - 3 April

- Good Friday: 2 April 

- Easter Monday 5 April

- Yom HaShoah (Holocaust Day): 8 April

- Ramadan begins: 13 April

- Yom HaZikaron (Memorial Day): 14 April

- Yom HaAtzmaut (Independance Day): 15 April

- Lag BaOmer: 30 April

- Laylat al-Qadr: 8 May

- Yom Yeroshalayim (Jerusalem Day): 10 May

- Ascension of Jesus: Thursday 13 May

- Eid el-Fitr (end of Ramadan): 14-16 May

- Shavuot: 17 May

- Pentecost: 23 May

- Corpus Christi: 3 June

- Tisha BeAv: 18 July

- Eid el-Adha: 20-23 July

- Transfiguration: 6 August

- Muharram begins (New Year): 9 August 

- Assumption of Mary: 15 August

- Ashurah (10 Muharram): 18 August 

- Rosh Hashana: 7 September

- Nativity of Mary: 8 September 

- Yom Kippur: 16 September

- Sukkot: 20-27 September

- Simchat Torah: 29 September

- All Saints' Day: 1 November

- Advent (first Sunday) - 28 November

- Hanukkah: 29 November - 7 December

- Immaculate Conception: 8 December

- Christmas Eve: 24 December

- Christmas: 25 December

Main religious dates in 2022

 

- Epiphany: 6 January

- Orthodox Nativity: 7 January

- Baptism of Jesus: 9 January

- Orthodox New Year: 14 January

- Tu Bishvat: 17 January

- St. Valentine: 14 February

- Ash Wednesday and Lent: 2 March

- Purim: 17 March

- Shushan Purim (walled cities): 18 March

- Annunciation: 25 March

- Isra and Mi'raj: 1 April

- Ramadan begins: 3 April

- Palm Sunday: 10 April

- Good Friday: 14 April 

- Passover (Pesach): 16 - 23 April

- Easter Monday: 17 April

- Laylat al-Qadr: 29 April

- Eid el-Fitr (end of Ramadan): 3 May

- Yom HaShoah (Holocaust Day): 4 May

- Yom HaZikaron (Memorial Day): 5 May

- Lag BaOmer: 19 May

- Yom HaAtzmaut (Independance Day): 29 April

- Ascension of Jesus: Thursday 26 May

- Yom Yeroshalayim (Jerusalem Day): 29 May

- Shavuot: 5 June

- Pentecost: Monday 5 June

- Corpus Christi: 16 June

- Eid el-Adha: 9-13 July

- Muharram begins (New Year): 30 July

- Tisha BeAv: 6 August

- Transfiguration: 6 August

- Assumption of Mary: 15 August

- Ashurah (10 Muharram): 8 August

- Nativity of Mary: 8 September 

- Rosh Hashana: 26 September

- Yom Kippur: 5 October

- Sukkot: 9-16 October

- Simchat Torah: 17 October

- All Saints' Day: 1 November

- Advent (first Sunday) - 27 November

- Immaculate Conception: 8 December

- Hanukkah: 16-26 December

- Christmas Eve: 24 December

- Christmas: 25 December