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About Israel

Facts & Figures

- Area: ~22,000 km2

- Capital: Jerusalem

- Official languages: Hebrew, Arabic, English

- Currency: New Israeli Shekel (NIS)

- Independence Day: 5 Iyyar (Hebrew calendar)

Political

- Political system: Parliamentary Democracy

- Parliament: Knesset, 120 seats

- Prime Minister: Benyamin "Bibi" Netanyahu

- President: Reuven Rivlin

Demographic

- Population: ~9 million, incl. ~75% Jews, ~21% Muslims

- Density: ~400 per km2 (it is double in non-desert areas)

- Demographic growth: +2% (OECD is about 0.6%)

- Fertility: 3.1 children per woman

- Age: ~30% are up to 15 years; ~10% are 60 or older

- Life expectancy: 82 years (world rank #8)

- Satisfaction with life situation: 89% of people

Economy

- GDP: $350 billion  -- GDP per capita: $40,000 (rank #85)

- GDP growth: +4.4%

- GDP by sector: agriculture 2%, industry 27%, svcs 70%

- Expenditure on civilian R&D: 4.5% of GDP

- Venture Capital investment per capita: ~$675 (rank #1)

- Debt to GDP ratio: 61% (world figures)

- Unemployment: 3%

- Minimum wage: ~1400 Euros (5300 NIS) per month

- Inflation: 0.2%

- VAT: 17% (no VAT to tourists for hotels, rentals, svcs) 

- Credit rating (Standard & Poor's): AA-, stable

- Main industries: high-tech (see list of inventions), pharmaceuticals, potash & phosphates, metallurgy, chemicals, diamond cutting, financial services, etc.

Religious Dates in Israel

Main religious dates in 2022

 

- Epiphany: 6 January

- Orthodox Nativity: 7 January

- Baptism of Jesus: 9 January

- Orthodox New Year: 14 January

- Tu Bishvat: 17 January

- St. Valentine: 14 February

- Ash Wednesday and Lent: 2 March

- Purim: 17 March

- Shushan Purim (walled cities): 18 March

- Annunciation: 25 March

- Isra and Mi'raj: 1 April

- Ramadan begins: 3 April

- Palm Sunday: 10 April

- Good Friday: 14 April 

- Passover (Pesach): 16 - 23 April

- Easter Monday: 17 April

- Laylat al-Qadr: 29 April

- Eid el-Fitr (end of Ramadan): 3 May

- Yom HaShoah (Holocaust Day): 4 May

- Yom HaZikaron (Memorial Day): 5 May

- Lag BaOmer: 19 May

- Yom HaAtzmaut (Independance Day): 29 April

- Ascension of Jesus: Thursday 26 May

- Yom Yeroshalayim (Jerusalem Day): 29 May

- Shavuot: 5 June

- Pentecost: Monday 5 June

- Corpus Christi: 16 June

- Eid el-Adha: 9-13 July

- Muharram begins (New Year): 30 July

- Tisha BeAv: 6 August

- Transfiguration: 6 August

- Assumption of Mary: 15 August

- Ashurah (10 Muharram): 8 August

- Nativity of Mary: 8 September 

- Rosh Hashana: 26 September

- Yom Kippur: 5 October

- Sukkot: 9-16 October

- Simchat Torah: 17 October

- All Saints' Day: 1 November

- Advent (first Sunday) - 27 November

- Immaculate Conception: 8 December

- Hanukkah: 16-26 December

- Christmas Eve: 24 December

- Christmas: 25 December

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