Facts & Figures

- Area: ~22,000 km2

- Capital: Jerusalem

- Official languages: Hebrew, Arabic, English

- Currency: New Israeli Shekel (NIS)

- Independence Day: 5 Iyyar (Hebrew calendar)

Political

- Political system: Parliamentary Democracy

- Parliament: Knesset, 120 seats

- Prime Minister: Benyamin "Bibi" Netanyahu

- President: Reuven Rivlin

Demographic

- Population: ~9 million, incl. ~75% Jews, ~21% Muslims

- Density: ~400 per km2 (it is double in non-desert areas)

- Demographic growth: +2% (OECD is about 0.6%)

- Fertility: 3.1 children per woman

- Age: ~30% are up to 15 years; ~10% are 60 or older

- Life expectancy: 82 years (world rank #8)

- Satisfaction with life situation: 89% of people

Economy

- GDP: $350 billion  -- GDP per capita: $40,000 (rank #85)

- GDP growth: +4.4%

- GDP by sector: agriculture 2%, industry 27%, svcs 70%

- Expenditure on civilian R&D: 4.5% of GDP

- Venture Capital investment per capita: ~$675 (rank #1)

- Debt to GDP ratio: 61% (world figures)

- Unemployment: 3%

- Minimum wage: ~1400 Euros (5300 NIS) per month

- Inflation: 0.2%

- VAT: 17% (no VAT to tourists for hotels, rentals, svcs) 

- Credit rating (Standard & Poor's): AA-, stable

- Main industries: high-tech (see list of inventions), pharmaceuticals, potash & phosphates, metallurgy, chemicals, diamond cutting, financial services, etc.

Faits et Chiffres

- Superficie: ~22.000 km2

- Capitale: Jérusalem

- Langues officielles: Hébreu, Arabe, Anglais

- Monnaie: New Israeli Shekel (NIS)

- Jour de l'Indépendance: 5 Iyyar (calendrier hébraïque)

Politique

- Système politique: Démocratie Parlementaire 

- Parlement: Knesset, 120 sièges

- Premier Ministre: Benjamin "Bibi" Netanyaou

- Président: Reuven Rivlin

Démographie

- Population: ~9 million, dont ~75% Juifs, ~21% Musulm.

- Densité: ~400 par km2 (le double en non-désertique)

- Croissance démographique: +2% (OCDE: ~0,6%)

- Fertilité: 3,1 enfants per femme

- Age: ~30% ont 15 ans ou moins; ~10% 60 ans ou plus

- Espérance de vie: 82 ans (rang mondial #8)

- Satisfaction aux conditions de vie: 89% de la population

Economie

- PIB: $350 milliards -- PIB per hab.: $40.000 (rang #85)

- Croissance du PIB: +4,4%

- PIB par secteur: agricult. 2%, industries 27%, svcs 70%

- Dépense en Recherche civile: 4,5% du PIB

- Investissement VC par hab. : ~$675 (rang #1)

- Dette nationale au PIB: 61% (stats par pays)

- Chômage: 3%

- Salaire minimum (SMIC): ~1400 Euros/mois (5300 NIS)

- Inflation: 0,2% 

- TVA: 17% (0% aux touristes pour hôtel, locations, svcs)

- Note de Crédit (Standard & Poor): AA-, stable

- Industries principales: high-tech (ici liste des inventions), pharmaceutique, potasse & phosphates, métallurgie, chimie, taille de diamants, services financiers, etc.

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Main religious dates in 2019

 

- Epiphany: 6 January

- Orthodox Nativity: 7 January

- Baptism of Jesus: 13 January

- Orthodox New Year: 14 January

- Tu Bishvat: 21 January

- St. Valentine: 14 February

- Ash Wednesday and Lent: 6 March

- Purim: 21 March

- Shushan Purim (walled cities): 22 March

- Annunciation: 25 March

- Isra and Mi'raj: 3 April

- Palm Sunday: 14 April

- Good Friday: 19 April 

- Passover (Pesach): 19 - 26 April

- Easter Monday 21 April

- Yom HaShoah (Holocaust Day): 2 May

- Ramadan starts: 6 May

- Yom HaZikaron (Memorial Day): 8 May

- Yom HaAtzmaut (Independance Day): 9 May

- Lag BaOmer: 23 May

- Ascension of Jesus: Thursday 30 May

- Laylat al-Qadr: 31 May

- Yom Yeroshalayim (Jerusalem Day): 2 June

- Eid el-Fitr (end of Ramadan): 4-6 June 

- Pentecost: Monday 9 June

- Shavuot: 10 June

- Corpus Christi: 20 June

- Transfiguration: 6 August

- Tisha BeAv: 11 August

- Eid el-Adha: 11 August

- Assumption of Mary: 15 August

- Muharram starts (New Year): 31 August 

- Nativity of Mary: 8 September 

- Ashurah (10 Muharram): 9 September

- Rosh Hashana: 30 September

- Yom Kippur: 9 October

- Sukkot: 14-20 October

- Simchat Torah: 22 October

- All Saints' Day: 1 November

- Advent (first Sunday) - 1 December

- Immaculate Conception: 8 December

- Hanukkah: 23-30 December

- Christmas Eve: 24 December

- Christmas: 25 December

Main religious dates in 2020

 

- Epiphany: 6 January

- Orthodox Nativity: 7 January

- Baptism of Jesus: 12 January

- Orthodox New Year: 14 January

- Tu Bishvat: 28 January

- St. Valentine: 14 February

- Ash Wednesday and Lent: 26 February

- Purim: 10 March

- Shushan Purim (walled cities): 11 March

- Annunciation: 25 March

- Isra and Mi'raj: 3 April

- Palm Sunday: 5 April

- Passover (Pesach): 9 - 15 April

- Good Friday: 10 April 

- Easter Monday: 12 April

- Lag BaOmer: 12 April

- Yom HaShoah (Holocaust Day): 21 April

- Ramadan starts: 24 April

- Yom HaZikaron (Memorial Day): 28 April

- Yom HaAtzmaut (Independance Day): 29 April

- Ascension of Jesus: Thursday 21 May

- Yom Yeroshalayim (Jerusalem Day): 22 May

- Shavuot: 29 May

- Pentecost: Monday 31 May

- Laylat al-Qadr: 1 June

- Eid el-Fitr (end of Ramadan): 5-7 June

- Corpus Christi: 11 June

- Tisha BeAv: 30 July

- Eid el-Adha: 31 July

- Transfiguration: 6 August

- Assumption of Mary: 15 August

- Muharram starts (New Year): 20 August 

- Ashurah (10 Muharram): 29 August

- Nativity of Mary: 8 September 

- Rosh Hashana: 19 September

- Yom Kippur: 28 September

- Sukkot: 3-9 October

- Simchat Torah: 11 October

- All Saints' Day: 1 November

- Advent (first Sunday) - 29 November

- Immaculate Conception: 8 December

- Hanukkah: 11-18 December

- Christmas Eve: 24 December

- Christmas: 25 December