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Au sujet d'Israël

Faits et Chiffres

- Superficie: ~22.000 km2

- Capitale: Jérusalem

- Langues officielles: Hébreu, Arabe, Anglais

- Monnaie: New Israeli Shekel (NIS)

- Jour de l'Indépendance: 5 Iyyar (calendrier hébraïque)

Politique

- Système politique: Démocratie Parlementaire 

- Parlement: Knesset, 120 sièges

- Premier Ministre: Benjamin "Bibi" Netanyaou

- Président: Reuven Rivlin

Démographie

- Population: ~9 million, dont ~75% Juifs, ~21% Musulm.

- Densité: ~400 par km2 (le double en non-désertique)

- Croissance démographique: +2% (OCDE: ~0,6%)

- Fertilité: 3,1 enfants per femme

- Age: ~30% ont 15 ans ou moins; ~10% 60 ans ou plus

- Espérance de vie: 82 ans (rang mondial #8)

- Satisfaction aux conditions de vie: 89% de la population

Economie

- PIB: $350 milliards -- PIB per hab.: $40.000 (rang #85)

- Croissance du PIB: +4,4%

- PIB par secteur: agricult. 2%, industries 27%, svcs 70%

- Dépense en Recherche civile: 4,5% du PIB

- Investissement VC par hab. : ~$675 (rang #1)

- Dette nationale au PIB: 61% (stats par pays)

- Chômage: 3%

- Salaire minimum (SMIC): ~1400 Euros/mois (5300 NIS)

- Inflation: 0,2% 

- TVA: 17% (0% aux touristes pour hôtel, locations, svcs)

- Note de Crédit (Standard & Poor): AA-, stable

- Industries principales: high-tech (ici liste des inventions), pharmaceutique, potasse & phosphates, métallurgie, chimie, taille de diamants, services financiers, etc.

Religious Dates in Israel

Main religious dates in 2022

 

- Epiphany: 6 January

- Orthodox Nativity: 7 January

- Baptism of Jesus: 9 January

- Orthodox New Year: 14 January

- Tu Bishvat: 17 January

- St. Valentine: 14 February

- Ash Wednesday and Lent: 2 March

- Purim: 17 March

- Shushan Purim (walled cities): 18 March

- Annunciation: 25 March

- Isra and Mi'raj: 1 April

- Ramadan begins: 3 April

- Palm Sunday: 10 April

- Good Friday: 14 April 

- Passover (Pesach): 16 - 23 April

- Easter Monday: 17 April

- Laylat al-Qadr: 29 April

- Eid el-Fitr (end of Ramadan): 3 May

- Yom HaShoah (Holocaust Day): 4 May

- Yom HaZikaron (Memorial Day): 5 May

- Lag BaOmer: 19 May

- Yom HaAtzmaut (Independance Day): 29 April

- Ascension of Jesus: Thursday 26 May

- Yom Yeroshalayim (Jerusalem Day): 29 May

- Shavuot: 5 June

- Pentecost: Monday 5 June

- Corpus Christi: 16 June

- Eid el-Adha: 9-13 July

- Muharram begins (New Year): 30 July

- Tisha BeAv: 6 August

- Transfiguration: 6 August

- Assumption of Mary: 15 August

- Ashurah (10 Muharram): 8 August

- Nativity of Mary: 8 September 

- Rosh Hashana: 26 September

- Yom Kippur: 5 October

- Sukkot: 9-16 October

- Simchat Torah: 17 October

- All Saints' Day: 1 November

- Advent (first Sunday) - 27 November

- Immaculate Conception: 8 December

- Hanukkah: 16-26 December

- Christmas Eve: 24 December

- Christmas: 25 December

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